identifying a possible western hummer?
Click on the links
below for photo series.
Winter Hummingbirds in Ohio
That is the question that has become familiar in the past few years
after Winter sightings of Anna's, Rufous, Calliope, Green Violet-eared and Rufous
occurred in Ohio. This has been in recent years!
A total of 14 species have now been
accounted for in the eastern U.S. thanks, in part, to hummingbird banders
confirming these confusing winter visitors. The best time to find rare species in our area is after the
"Ruby-throats" have migrated away. This will typically occur
after November 15 which is considered the "magic cutoff date"
for lingering Ruby-throated Hummingbirds. In some instances a few
"Ruby-throats" may linger past this date, but the chances
of that occurring are quite small. The first of the adult male Rufous
Hummingbirds can appear in the eastern United States as early as mid to
late July. Any Hummer in your yard with a brown back is a male Rufous.
If you see
a lone hummingbird, there is a high probability that it will turn out to
be something other than a Ruby-throated
Keep a feeder out through
hummingbird bander Tim Tolford if you see a hummingbird at your feeder
from November through the winter season!
Photo courtesy Jim
for additional photos of this Rufous Hummingbird)
by T. K. Tolford
the photo for more detailed photos and i.d. characteristics.
by Bob Foppe
Green Violet-eared Hummingbird
For sightings of Western Hummingbirds in
the OH/KY/IN Cincinnati Tri-state
to send an e-mail or call 513-200-5130
We have documented fourteen western species in the eastern
United States; Rufous, Black-chinned, Allen's, Anna's,
Calliope, Buff-bellied, Broad-tailed, White-eared, Green Violet-ear,
Magnificent, Green-breasted Mango, Broad-billed, and Costa's. More of
these species, than we previously realized, may be waiting to be
discovered during the winter in Ohio. We just haven't known that we should
have been looking!
So be sure to leave your feeder out all winter,
keep it clean and maintained and where you can view it easily. If the
nectar is going down in the feeder, you may have a winter visitor. Watch it for
awhile to see what is making the nectar dissappear.
Don't worry about leaving
nectar out in the winter. You will not make the Ruby-throated
Hummingbirds stay if you leave your feeder out in winter. They will
migrate whether or not you have a feeder out.
If you live in or around
OH, IN, KY, WV, PA and think you may have a rare species of
Hummingbird wintering over, contact Hummingbird bander Tim Tolford at
firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.hbrcnet.org.
other states in the central and northern portion of the eastern
U.S., the appropriate hummingbird bander will be contacted and your
For other sightings in the Eastern
U.S. click here
for a list of who to contact.
photos were obtained freely through the World Wide Web Google Search Engine.
following is a quote by a hummingbird expert/researcher of 20+ year who
has banded over 70,000 hummingbirds
the big killer of wintering hummingbirds UP NORTH is the long periods of
adversely effect the availability of the insect life which is critical.
hummingbirds that do not move southward in periods of sustained cold
and reduced food
resources pay the ultimate price. They also do not pass on bad
to another generation of offspring.
There is great wisdom in this scenario that has always, in my
improved the survival of these species. It is also why human
again in my
strong opinion, is the wrong approach."